Switzerland’s vineyards are a collection of micro-climates, soil types, traditions, grape varieties and know-how, all of which vary from one municipality to another. To provide a framework for this diversity, Switzerland’s 14,696 hectares of vineyard are divided into six regions.
With its 4766 hectares, the Valais area accounts for nearly one third of the entire Swiss wine area. Following the course of the Rhône, the spectacular terraces of the Valais region enjoy a hot and sunny climate that is beneficial to late-maturing grape varieties.
The canton of Vaud, which is home to the Chasselas variety, boasts six AOCs and two Grand Cru AOCs. Lake Neuchâtel and Lake Geneva exert a beneficial effect on the 3787 hectares of this historic wine area.
Switzerland’s third-bigges wine area covers 1390 hectares of land straddling the city and the countryside. International grape varieties have joined Swiss heritage varieties to diversify the traditional range of grape varieties based on Gamay and Chasselas.
The 930 hectares of the Three Lakes region are divided into three distinct sections: the 606 hectares of the Neuchâtel wine area, the 223 hectares of the Lac de Bienne AOC in the canton of Berne, the 158 hectares of the Vully wine area located in the canton of Fribourg and the 13,5 of Cheyres.
Swiss German part
The 2629 hectares of this German-speaking region are dotted around 16 winegrowing cantons. Pinot Noir and Müller-Thurgau are the dominant varieties by far in the most extensive of all six Swiss winegrowing regions
Nearly 80 % of the 1127 hectares in this Italianspeaking region are planted with Merlot. The only Swiss region on the southern slopes of the Alps, Ticino has to contend with heavy rainfall but benefits from generous sunshine.